RESEARCH PAPER
The association between BIS/BAS and fear of COVID-19 infection among women
 
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Faculty of Psychology, University of Warsaw, Warsaw, Poland
Submission date: 2020-10-23
Final revision date: 2021-03-30
Acceptance date: 2021-04-12
Online publication date: 2021-05-17
Publication date: 2021-07-19
 
Current Issues in Personality Psychology 2021;9(3):237–245
 
KEYWORDS
TOPICS
ABSTRACT
Introduction:
The main goal of this cross-sectional study was to evaluate, in women, the association between the behavioural inhibition system/behavioural activation system (BIS/BAS) and fear of COVID-19-related self-infection and infection of loved ones (family members, friends, relatives). Several studies have indicated that the psychological consequences of COVID-19 are serious especially among women. On the other hand, little is known about the role of the BIS and BAS in shaping responses and behaviour during the COVID-19 pandemic. The article deals with this issue.

Material and methods:
The sample consisted of 415 women between the ages of 18 and 67. A numerical rating scale comprising 11 degrees of fear was used to assess participants’ COVID-19-related fear, and the BIS and BAS were evaluated using Carver and White’s BIS/BAS scales.

Results:
A small positive correlation was observed between the BIS and participants’ COVID-19-related fear of loved ones’ infection. The BIS explained two percent of the COVID-19-related fear of loved ones’ infection dimension.

Conclusions:
The BIS weakly, but significantly correlated with women's fear of their loved ones being infected by COVID-19. This study highlights the possible role of the BIS mechanism in women's response to COVID-19-related fear, but only when the threat affects loved ones. Comparative studies between men and women are necessary.

 
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