RESEARCH PAPER
Subjective well-being and Citizenship dimensions according to individualism and collectivism beliefs among Polish adolescents
 
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1
SWPS University of Social Sciences and Humanities, Faculty in Poznan, Poland
2
SWPS University of Social Sciences and Humanities, Faculty in Wrocław, Poland
Submission date: 2016-04-12
Final revision date: 2016-07-01
Acceptance date: 2016-07-18
Online publication date: 2016-08-04
Publication date: 2016-09-26
 
Current Issues in Personality Psychology 2016;4(3):155–166
 
KEYWORDS
TOPICS
ABSTRACT
Background
The aim of the research is to analyse pleasant (subjective well-being – SWB) and meaningful life (Citizenship dimensions) in the context of Horizontal and Vertical Individualism (HI, VI) or Collectivism (HC, VC) values (individual beliefs) among adolescents living in the culture “in between individualism and collectivism”.

Participants and procedure
Second-year high (111) and secondary (98) school students filled in the Horizontal and Vertical Individualism and Collectivism Questionnaire, the Citizenship Behaviour Questionnaire, and SWB (Subjective Happiness Scale, Satisfaction with the Life Scale, Mood Questionnaire, Ladder of Need Scales). Participants were recruited in schools.

Results
Subjective well-being positively correlated with all Citizenship dimensions except Political Activity. All values predicted SWB, but higher VI predicted lower SWB and was not linked to Citizenship. Citizenship dimensions oriented to general good were predicted by Collectivism values, and those including personal benefits were predicted by HI and Collectivism values. Subjective well-being mediated relations between HC and Social Activity, and between HC, HI and Personal Activity. VC moderated relations between SWB and Passive as well as Semi-active Citizenship.

Conclusions
Among young Poles, pleasant life is linked with meaningful life. Individualism and Collectivism values are relatively independent, and their relations with SWB and Citizenship are complex. Higher Horizontal values facilitate the achievement of both pleasant and meaningful life, but higher VC can hinder the coherence between them. High SWB, engagement in Citizenship and links between them are required for attaining “authentic happiness” and living a truly full life; thus it is important to study variables that may influence them.
 
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