Polish version of the Cognitive Distortions Scale (CDS): Preliminary validation and personality correlates
More details
Hide details
Submission date: 2014-09-23
Final revision date: 2014-10-06
Acceptance date: 2014-10-06
Online publication date: 2014-10-23
Publication date: 2014-10-23
Current Issues in Personality Psychology 2014;2(3):177-183
The aim of the two research studies presented in this article was to test the reliability and validity of the Polish version of the Cognitive Distortions Scale (CDS). The relation of the CDS to psychological measures of well-being and other theoretically relevant variables was also explored.

Participants and procedure
Two correlational studies were conducted with psychology undergraduate students and their family members (n = 196 and n = 90, respectively). Participants completed a paper-pencil set of questionnaires that contained measures of cognitive errors (study 1) and scales related to perceived quality of life and psychological well-being (study 2).

Preliminary results supported the reliability of the Polish version of CDS (with Cronbach’s α .91 and .90) and convergent validity as indicated by correlations with maladaptive self-views and perceived relationship quality.

The Polish version of CDS appears to be a reliable and valid measure of cognitive distortions.
Alford, B., & Beck, A. T. (1998). The integrative power of cognitive therapy. New York: Guilford Press.
Barriga, A. Q., Gibbs, J. C., Potter, G., & Liau, A. K. (2001). How I Think (HIT) questionnaire manual. Champaign, IL: Research Press.
Beck, A. T. (1988). Love is never enough: How couples can overcome misunderstandings, resolve conflicts, and solve relationship problems through cognitive therapy. New York: Harper & Row.
Burns, D. D. (1980). Feeling good: The new mood therapy. New York: Signet.
Campbell, J. D., Trapnell, P. D., Heine, S. J., Katz, I. M., Lavallee, L. F., & Lehman, D. R. (1996). Self-concept clarity: measurement, personality correlates, and cultural boundaries. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 70, 141-156. DOI: 10.1037/0022-3514.70.1.141.
Cantril, H. (1965). The pattern of human concerns. New Brunswick, NJ: Rutgers University Press.
Covin, R., Dozois, D. J. A., Ogniewicz, A., & Seeds, P. M. (2011). Measuring cognitive errors: Initial development of the cognitive distortions scale (CDS). International Journal of Cognitive Therapy, 4, 297-322.
Dozois, D. J. A., & Beck, A. T. (2008). Cognitive schemas, beliefs and assumptions. In: K. S. Dobson, & D. J. A. Dozois (eds.), Risk factors in depression (pp. 121-143). Oxford, England: Elsevier/Academic Press.
Engle, R. W., Sedek, G., von Hecker, U., & McIntosh, D. N. (eds.). (2005). Cognitive limitations in aging and psychopathology. New York: Cambridge University Press.
Hollon, S. D., & Kendall, P. C. (1980). Cognitive self-statements in depression: development of an automatic thoughts questionnaire. Cognitive Therapy and Research, 4, 383-395.
Juczyński, Z. (2001). Narzędzia pomiaru w promocji i psychologii zdrowia [Measures in promotion and health psychology]. Warszawa: Pracownia Testów Psychologicznych Polskiego Towarzystwa Psychologicznego.
Krantz, S. E., & Hammen, C. L. (1979). Assessment of cognitive bias in depression. Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 88, 611-619.
Kwang, T., & Swann, W. B., Jr. (2010). Do people embrace praise even when they feel unworthy? A review of critical tests of self- enhancement versus self-verification. Personality and Social Psychology Review, 14, 263-280.
Łaguna, M., Lachowicz-Tabaczek, K., & Dzwonkowska, I. (2007). Skala samooceny SES Morrisa Rosenberga – polska adaptacja metody [The Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale: Polish adaptation of the scale]. Psychologia Społeczna, 2, 164-176.
Pavot, W., & Diener, E. (1993). Review of the Satisfaction with Life Scale. Psychological Assessment, 5, 164-172. DOI:10.1037/1040-3590.5.2.164.
Rosenberg, M. (1965). Society and the adolescent self-image. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.
Sosnowski, T., & Wrześniewski, K. (1983). Polska adaptacja inwentarza STAI do badania stanu i cechy lęku [Polish adaptation of STAI inventory for measuring trait and state anxiety]. Przegląd Psychologiczny, 26, 393-412.
Spielberger, C. D., Gorssuch, R. L., Lushene, P. R., Vagg, P. R., & Jacobs, G. A. (1983). Manual for the State-Trait Anxiety Inventory. Consulting Psychologists Press, Inc.
Swann, W. B., Jr., Gómez, A., Seyle, D. C., Morales, J. F., & Huici, C. (2009). Identity fusion: The interplay of personal and social identities in extreme group behavior. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 96, 995-1011. DOI: 10.1037/a0013668.
Young, J. E., Klosko, J. S., & Weishaar, M. E. (2003). Schema therapy: a practitioner’s guide. New York: Guilford Press.
Copyright: © Institute of Psychology, University of Gdansk This is an Open Access journal, all articles are distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International (CC BY-NC-SA 4.0) License (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/4.0/), allowing third parties to copy and redistribute the material in any medium or format and to remix, transform, and build upon the material, provided the original work is properly cited and states its license.
Journals System - logo
Scroll to top