Five-factor personality model versus affective temperaments: a study in a nonclinical Polish sample
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Faculty of Psychology, University of Warsaw, Poland
Faculty of Psychology, University of Finance and Management, Warsaw, Poland
Submission date: 2018-03-06
Final revision date: 2019-01-02
Acceptance date: 2019-01-05
Online publication date: 2019-02-05
Publication date: 2019-03-01
Current Issues in Personality Psychology 2019;7(1):15-23
The study aimed to evaluate the relationship between five-factor personality model traits and affective temperaments.

Participants and procedure:
The sample consisted of 615 healthy Caucasian adults (395 women and 220 men) recruited from a nonclinical population. Par-ticipants’ ages ranged from 17 to 69 (M = 30.79, SD = 9.69). The Polish version of Akiskal’s Temperament Evaluation of Memphis, Pisa, Paris and San Diego Auto-Questionnaire was used for the assessment of affective temperaments. The five-factor personality model traits were measured with the Polish version of Costa and McCrae’s NEO-FFI Personality Inventory.

Neuroticism positively correlated with depressive, cyclothymic, irritable and anxious temperaments, but negatively with hyper-thymic temperament. Extraversion positively correlated with hyperthymic temperament, but negatively with all other affective temperaments. Neuroticism together with introversion was the best predictor of depressive temperament, accounting for 55% of the variance. Neuroticism also explained 37% of the anxious temperament variance and 22% of cyclothymic temperament vari-ance. Extraversion predicts hyperthymic temperament (accounting for 25% of the variance) and low agreeableness predicts irri-table temperament (10% of explained variance). The results confirmed that women are more depressive, cyclothymic and anx-ious and less hyperthymic than men and have a higher level of neuroticism than men.

The results highlight the importance of two personality traits: neuroticism and extraversion. They may share similarities with certain affective temperaments and may also contribute to development of affective disorders.

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