The underlying structure of the Personality Inventory for DSM-5 (PID-5): a general factor of personality psychopathology
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CONICET (National Scientific and Technical Research Council), Buenos Aires, Argentina
Faculty of Psychology, National University of Mar del Plata, Mar del Plata, Argentina
Submission date: 2022-04-07
Final revision date: 2023-03-02
Acceptance date: 2023-04-12
Online publication date: 2023-06-01
Corresponding author
Silvana A. Montes   

CONICET (National Scientific and Technical Research Council), Buenos Aires, Argentina
The psychopathology of personality is currently undergoing a paradigm shift from a categorical to a dimensional approach. This work aimed to study the underlying structure of pathological personality traits of the DSM-5 Alternative Model for Personality Disorders (AMPD). For this purpose, the internal structure of a version of the Personality Inventory for the DSM-5 (PID-5) was examined by a confirmatory factor analysis. This version assesses the five higher-order pathological personality domains (negative affectivity, detachment, antagonism, disinhibition, and psychoticism) and the 25 lower-order pathological personality facets through a reduced number of items. Four alternative models were compared: five-factor oblique; second-order (five first-order factors and one second-order factor); bifactor (five specific factors and a general fac-tor), and one-factor.

Participants and procedure:
We worked with an Argentinean sample of N = 525 subjects from the general population who answered the Argentine ver-sion of the PID-5.

The five-factor model was slightly superior to the second order model, and the bifactor model presented the best fit.

These findings, while preliminary, suggest that the PID-5 facets could reflect five specific pathological personality traits (which correspond to AMPD domains) but also a general factor (which would reflect a general propensity for psycho-pathology).

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