RESEARCH PAPER
The Basic Psychological Need Satisfaction and Frustration Scale. Adaptation and associations with well-being and mental health disorders in a Polish sample
 
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Institute of Psychology, University of Wroclaw, Wroclaw, Poland
Submission date: 2020-12-04
Final revision date: 2021-03-10
Acceptance date: 2021-03-18
Online publication date: 2021-05-12
Publication date: 2021-07-19
 
Current Issues in Personality Psychology 2021;9(3):267–280
 
KEYWORDS
TOPICS
ABSTRACT
Background:
This study aimed to validate a Polish adaptation of the Basic Psychological Need Satisfaction and Frustration Scale (BPNS&FS) and determine the significance of need satisfaction and frustration for mental health. The scale measures satisfaction and frustration of basic psychological needs: autonomy, competence, relatedness. The meas-urement of these needs has an important role in the explanation of psychological well-being and risk of disorders.

Participants and procedure:
This study aimed to validate a Polish adaptation of the Basic Psychological Need Satisfaction and Frustration Scale (BPNS&FS) and determine the significance of need satisfaction and frustration for mental health. The scale measures satisfaction and frustration of basic psychological needs: autonomy, competence, relatedness. The meas-urement of these needs has an important role in the explanation of psychological well-being and risk of disorders.

Results:
CFA confirmed the validity of measurement for two independent dimensions: satisfaction and frustration of each need. The BPNS&FS is characterized by good reliability parameters. Criterion validity was confirmed by significantly positive relations of needs satisfaction with happiness resources, and negative relations with symptoms of mental health disorders, psychache, and the risk of alcoholism. Need frustration has opposite relations with the above vari-ables. The validity was also supported by significantly higher need frustration among alcoholics, compared to a normative sample. Women differed significantly from men in lower autonomy and competence satisfaction and higher relatedness satisfaction.

Conclusions:
The Polish version of the BPNS&FS is a valuable and reliable measurement tool. It has been confirmed that both the satisfaction and frustration of needs have important consequences for well-being and mental health.

 
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