RESEARCH PAPER
Social and physical anhedonia in relation to grandiose and vulnerable narcissism
 
More details
Hide details
1
Faculty of Psychology, University of Warsaw, Warsaw, Poland
Submission date: 2020-05-28
Final revision date: 2021-02-02
Acceptance date: 2021-02-08
Online publication date: 2021-03-30
Publication date: 2021-03-31
 
Current Issues in Personality Psychology 2021;9(1):46–52
 
KEYWORDS
TOPICS
ABSTRACT
Background:
Narcissism has two different dimensions which differ in terms of social functioning. Grandiose narcissism is associated with higher extraversion, while vulnerable narcissism is associated with greater introversion. Both forms of narcissism present nu-merous forms of social maladjustment. Anhedonia (social and physical) is associated with measures of social maladjustment and is one of the core symptoms of serious mental conditions. The aim of the current study was to investigate the relationship be-tween social and physical anhedonia and the two forms of narcissism, grandiose and vulnerable.

Participants and procedure:
A sample of 339 young adults completed the Polish version of the Hypersensitive Narcissism Scale, the Narcissistic Personality Inventory, and two subscales of the Wisconsin Schizotypy Scales – Short Form: the Revised Social Anhedonia Scale and the Physical Anhedonia Scale.

Results:
We found a positive correlation between social anhedonia and vulnerable narcissism, and a negative correlation between social anhedonia and grandiose narcissism. Physical anhedonia was not related to any form of narcissism. Older people and men scored higher on the social anhedonia scale.

Conclusions:
Vulnerable narcissistic personality is associated with social deficits, namely social anhedonia. Future research could investigate the relationship between vulnerable narcissism and schizotypy to establish whether vulnerable personality is a risk factor for developing serious mental illnesses.

 
REFERENCES (49)
1.
American Psychiatric Association (2013). Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders, 5th edition: DSM-5. APA.
 
2.
Arieti, S. (1960). Discussion of Rado’s theory and therapy: The theory of schizotypal organization and its appli-cation to the treatment of decompensated schizotypal behaviour. In S. C. Scherand & H. R. Davis (Eds.), The outpatient treatment of schizophrenia (pp. 87–101). Grune & Stratton.
 
3.
Back, M. D., Schmukle, S., & Egloff, B. (2010). Why are narcissists so charming at first sight? Decoding the nar-cissism-popularity link at zero acquaintance. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 98, 132–145. https://doi.org/10.1037/a00163....
 
4.
Bazińska, R., & Drat-Ruszczak, K. (2000). The structure of narcissism measured with Polish adaptation of Raskin and Hall NPI. Czasopismo Psychologiczne, 6, 171–187.
 
5.
Chan, R. C. K., Wang, Y., Yan, C., Zhao, Q., McGrath, J., Hsi, X., & Stone, W. S. (2012). A study of trait anhe-donia in non-clinical Chinese samples: Evidence from the Chapman scales for physical and social anhe-donia. Plos One, 7, e34275. https://doi.org/10.1371/journa....
 
6.
Chapman, J. P., Chapman, L. J., & Kwapil, T. R. (1995). Scales for the measurement of schizotypy. In A. Raine & T. Lencz (Eds.), Schizotypal personality (pp. 79–106). Cambridge University Press.
 
7.
Chapman, L. J., Chapman, J. P., & Raulin, M. L. (1976). Scales for physical and social anhedonia. Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 85, 374–382. https://doi.org/10.1037/0021-8....
 
8.
Chapman, L. J., Edell, W. S., & Chapman, J. P. (1980). Psychical anhedonia, perceptual aberration, and psycho-sis proneness. Schizophrenia Bulletin, 6, 639–653. https://doi.org/10.1093/schbul....
 
9.
Cooper, A. M. (1998). Further developments of the diagnosis of narcissistic personality disorder. In E. Ron-ningstam (Eds.), Disorders of narcissism: Diagnostic, clinical, and empirical implications (pp. 53–74). American Psychiatric Press.
 
10.
Czarna, A. Z., Dufner, M., & Clifton, A. D. (2014). The effects of vulnerable and grandiose narcissism on liking-based and disliking-based centrality in social networks. Journal of Research in Personality, 50, 42–45. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jrp.....
 
11.
Davis, C., & Woodside, D. B. (2002). Sensitivity to the rewarding effects of food and exercise in the eating disor-ders. Comprehensive Psychiatry, 43, 189–194. https://doi.org/10.1053/comp.2....
 
12.
Dickinson, K. A., & Pincus, A. L. (2003). Interpersonal analysis of grandiose and vulnerable narcissism. Journal of Personality Disorders, 17, 188–207. https://doi.org/10.1521/pedi.1....
 
13.
Dodell-Feder, D., & Germine, L. (2018). Epidemiological dimensions of social anhedonia. Clinical Psychologi-cal Science, 6, 735–743. https://doi.org/10.1177/216770....
 
14.
Foster, J. D., Campbell, W. K., & Twenge, J. M. (2003). Individual differences in narcissism: Inflated self-view across the lifespan and around the world. Journal of Research in Personality, 37, 469–586. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0092-....
 
15.
Franken, I. H. A., Zijlstra, C., & Muris, P. (2006). Are nonpharmacological induced rewards related to anhe-donia? A study among skydivers. Progress in Neuropsychopharmacology & Biological Psychiatry, 30, 297–300. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.pnpb....
 
16.
Gabbard, G. O. (1989). Two subtypes of narcissistic personality disorder. Bulletin of the Menninger Clinic, 53, 527–532.
 
17.
Gabbard, G. O. (1998). Transference and countertransference in the treatment of narcissistic patients. In E. Ronningstam (Ed.), Disorders of narcissism: Diagnostic, clinical, and empirical implications (pp. 53–74). American Psychiatric Press.
 
18.
Gersten, S. P. (1991). Narcissistic personality disorder consists of two distinct subtypes. Psychiatric Times, 8, 25–26.
 
19.
Gooding, D. C., Tallent, K. A., & Matts, C. W. (2005). Clinical status of at-risk individuals 5 years later: Further validation of the psychometric high-risk strategy. Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 114, 170–175. https://doi.org/10.1037/0021-8....
 
20.
Grijalva, E., Newman, D. A., Tay, L., Donnellan, M. B., Harms, P. D., Robins, R. W., & Yan, T. (2015). Gender differences in narcissism: a meta-analytic review. Psychological Bulletin, 141, 261–310. https://doi.org/10.1037/a00382....
 
21.
Hendin, H. M., & Cheek, J. M. (1997). Assessing hypersensitive narcissism: a reexamination of Murray’s Narcis-sism Scale. Journal of Research in Personality, 31, 588–599. https://doi.org/10.1006/jrpe.1....
 
22.
Isella, V., Iurlaro, S., Piolti, R., Ferrarese, C., Frattola, L., Appollonio, I., Melzi, P., & Grimaldi, M. (2003). Physical anhedonia in Parkinson’s disease. Journal of Neurology, Neurosurgery, and Psychiatry, 74, 1308–1311. http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/jnnp....
 
23.
Kernberg, O. F. (1975). Borderline conditions and pathological narcissism. Jason Aronson, Inc.
 
24.
Kerns, J. G. (2006). Schizotypy facets, cognitive control, and emotion. Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 115, 418–427. https://doi.org/10.1037/0021-8....
 
25.
Klein, D. F. (1974). Endogenomorphic depression: a conceptual and terminological revision. Archives of General Psychiatry, 31, 447–454. https://doi.org/10.1001/archps....
 
26.
Kohut, H. (1977). The restoration of the self. International Universities Press.
 
27.
Kraus, G., & Reynolds, D. J. (2001). The “A-B-C’s” of the cluster B’s: Identifying, understanding, and treating cluster B personality disorders. Clinical Psychology Review, 21, 345–373. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0272-....
 
28.
Kwapil, T. R. (1998a). Norms on the Wisconsin Psychosis-Proneness Scales for Caucasian undergraduate stu-dents in introductory psychology courses at the University of Wisconsin-Madison. Unpublished lab report.
 
29.
Kwapil, T. R. (1998b). Social anhedonia as a predictor of the development of schizophrenia-spectrum disorders. Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 107, 558–565. https://doi.org/10.1037//0021-....
 
30.
Meehl, P. E. (1962). Schizotaxia, schizotypy, schizophrenia. American Psychologist, 17, 827–838. https://doi.org/10.1037/h00410....
 
31.
Meehl, P. E. (1975). Hedonic capacity: Some conjectures. Bulletin of the Menninger Clinic, 39, 295–307.
 
32.
Meehl, P. E. (1987). ‘Hedonic capacity’ ten years later: Some clarifications. In D. C. Clark & J. Fawcett (Eds.), Anhedonia and affect deficit states (pp. 33–47). PMA Publishing.
 
33.
Miettunen, J., & Jaaskelainen, E. (2008). Sex differences in Wisconsin Schizotypy Scale – a meta-analysis. Schizophrenia Bulletin, 36, 347–358. https://doi.org/10.1093/schbul....
 
34.
Miller, J. D., & Campbell, W. K. (2008). Comparing clinical and social-personality conceptualizations of narcis-sism. Journal of Personality, 76, 449–476. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1467....
 
35.
Miller, J. D., Gentile, B., Wilson, L., & Campbell, W. K. (2013). Grandiose and vulnerable narcissism and the DSM-5 pathological personality trait model. Journal of Personality Assessment, 95, 284–290. https://doi.org/10.1080/002238....
 
36.
Miller, J. D., & Maples, J. (2012). Trait personality models of narcissistic personality disorder, grandiose narcis-sism, and vulnerable narcissism. In W. K. Campbell & J. D. Miller (Eds.), The handbook of narcissism and narcissistic personality disorder (pp. 71–88). Wiley.
 
37.
Miller, J. D., Price, J., Gentile, B., Lynam, D., & Campbell, W. (2012). Grandiose and vulnerable narcissism from the perspective of the interpersonal circumplex. Personality and Individual Differences, 53, 507–512. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.paid....
 
38.
Paíno-Piñeiro, M., Fonseca-Pedrero, E., Lemos-Giráldez, S., & Muñiz, J. (2008). Dimensionality of schizotypy in young people according to sex and age. Personality and Individual Differences, 45, 132–138. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.paid....
 
39.
Penk, W. E., Carpenter, J. C., & Rylee, K. E. (1979). MMPI correlates of social and physical anhedonia. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 47, 1046–1052. https://doi.org/10.1037/0022-0....
 
40.
Pflum, M., & Gooding, D. C. (2019). Social anhedonia in schizophrenia: a meta-analysis. Schizophrenia Bulle-tin, 45, S291. https://doi.org/10.1093/schbul....
 
41.
Raskin, R. N., & Hall, C. S. (1979). A narcissistic personality inventory. Psychological Reports, 45, 590. https://doi.org/10.2466/pr0.19....
 
42.
Ribot, T. H. (1897). The psychology of emotions. Scott.
 
43.
Rohmann, E., Neumann, E., Herner, M. J., & Bierhoff, H. W. (2012). Grandiose and vulnerable narcissism. Self-construal, attachment, and love in romantic relationship. European Psychologist, 17, 279–290. https://doi.org/10.1027/1016-9....
 
44.
Samaniego, L. M., Oyarzábal, J. V., Gómez, A. M. G., Fernández, A. H., Gutiérrez-Zotes, J. A., & Alquézar, A. L. (2011). Schizotypy and pathological personality profile in siblings of patients with psychosis. Psicothema, 23, 80–86.
 
45.
Volkow, N. D., Fowler, J. S., Wang, G. J., & Goldstein, R. Z. (2002). Role of dopamine, the frontal cortex and memory circuits in drug addiction: Insight from imaging studies. Neurobiology of Learning and Memory, 78, 610–624. https://doi.org/10.1006/nlme.2....
 
46.
Watson, D., Gamez, W., & Simms, L. J. (2005). Basic dimensions of temperament and their relation to anxiety and depression: a symptom-based perspective. Journal of Research in Personality, 39, 46–66. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jrp.....
 
47.
Werner, O., & Campbell, D. T. (1970). Translating, working through interpreters, and the problem of decentering. In R. Naroll & R. Cohen (Eds.), Handbook of method in cultural anthropology (pp. 398–420). Natural Histo-ry Press.
 
48.
Wink, P. (1991). Two faces of narcissism. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 61, 590–597. https://doi.org/10.1037/0022-3....
 
49.
Winterstein, B., Silvia, P., Kwapil, T., Kaufman, J., Reiter-Palmon, R., & Wigert, B. (2011). Brief assessment of schizotypy: Developing short form of the Wisconsin Schizotypy Scales. Personality and Individual Differ-ences, 51, 920–924. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.paid....
 
eISSN:2353-561X
ISSN:2353-4192