Personal, semantic and communicational aspects of helping among adolescents
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Nizhyn Gogol State University, Nizhyn, Ukraine
G. S. Kostiuk Institute of Psychology of the National Academy of Educational Sciences of Ukraine, Kiev, Ukraine
Plekhanov Russian University of Economics, Moscow, Russia
Lomonosov Moscow State University, Moscow, Russia
Submission date: 2020-06-08
Final revision date: 2021-02-03
Acceptance date: 2021-02-08
Online publication date: 2021-03-30
Publication date: 2021-03-31
Current Issues in Personality Psychology 2021;9(1):37–45
The main research question of the article is how the perception of help and the style of interpersonal relations are connected. In a broad sense, the question refers to the problem of constant and situational variables of prosocial activity. The main methodo-logical framework is Vygotsky’s cultural-historical psychology, in particular, the mechanism of interiorization and the interac-tion of interpsychological and intrapsychological processes.

Participants and procedure:
Over 215 participants (students attending school and university, living in Ukraine, aged from 12 to 22 years) took part in our experiment, but because not all of them completed all the necessary forms correctly, only 193 participants’ answers were further analyzed. Our two research techniques were Leary’s Interpersonal Behavior Circle Personal Inventory and the semantic differ-ential (N = 193).

Each disposition from Leary’s questionnaire had at least one significant correlation with the way Ukrainian adolescents perceive help. The semantic aspects of perceiving help were investigated with the help of ranking the qualities of the semantic differential for the words “help the other”.

The identified correlations contribute to the psychological analysis of the detailed characteristics of perceiving help concerning personal dispositions. Personal, communicational and semantic aspects of help are interconnected and their further research can bring rich insights.

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