Humor styles and the ten personality dimensions from the Supernumerary Personality Inventory
More details
Hide details
University of Western Ontario, London, Canada
Submission date: 2020-07-12
Final revision date: 2020-10-06
Acceptance date: 2020-10-28
Online publication date: 2020-11-27
Publication date: 2020-12-18
Current Issues in Personality Psychology 2020;8(4):352–360
The present study examines the relationship between humor styles and the 10 Supernumerary Personality Invento-ry (SPI) traits to understand how humor styles correlate with personality dimensions “beyond the Big Five” model. Humor styles and the personality dimensions of the SPI have yet to be explored. Therefore, the aim of this study is to explore how humor styles correlate with traits outside of conventional personality models, in order to better un-derstand humor expression related to personality traits.

Participants and procedure:
The data were from 693 adult participants (135 men and 560 women) from North America.

All four humor styles positively correlated with the SPI humorousness scale. The two positive humor styles, affiliative and self-enhancing, had significant positive correlations with the egotism SPI scale. The two negative humor styles, aggressive and self-defeating, had significant positive correlations with the SPI scales of seductiveness and manipu-lativeness and significant negative correlations with the integrity scale from the SPI. A sub-group of the sample (n = 471) also completed a Big Five personality measure. For this sample, the variance due to the Big Five was re-gressed out of the SPI scales.

The correlations between the SPI residuals and the humor style scores decreased from the unaltered SPI scale scores except for the aggressive humor style correlations, which were less affected, suggesting that this dimension of humor may have some variance “beyond” the Big Five.

Costa, P. T., Jr, & McCrae, R. R. (1992). The revised NEO Personality Inventory (NEO PI-R) and NEO Five-Factor Inventory (NEO-FFI) professional manual. Odessa, FL: Psychological Assessment Resources.
Hehl, F., & Ruch, W. (1985). The location of sense of humor within comprehensive personality spaces: an exploratory study. Personality and Individual Differences, 6, 703–715.
Heintz, S. (2019). Do others judge my humor style as I do? Self-other agreement and construct validity of the Humor Styles Questionnaire. European Journal of Psychological Assessment, 35, 625–632.
Kfrerer, M. L., Martin, N. G., & Schermer, J. A. (2019). A behavior genetic analysis of the relationship between humor styles and depression. Humor, 32, 417–431.
Kowalski, C. M., Vernon, P. A., & Schermer, J. A. (2019). The Dark Triad and facets of personality. Current Psy-chology.
Lee, K., Ogunfowora, B., & Ashton, M. C. (2005). Personality traits beyond the Big Five: Are they within the HEXACO space? Journal of Personality, 73, 1437–1463.
Martin, R., Puhlik-Doris, P., Larsen, G., Gray, J., & Weir, K. (2003). Individual differences in uses of humor and their relation to psychological well-being: Development of the Humor Styles Questionnaire. Journal of Re-search in Personality, 37, 48–75.
Martin, R. A. (2015). On the challenges of measuring humor styles: Response to Heintz and Ruch. Humor, 28, 635–639.
Paulhus, D. L., & Williams, K. M. (2002). The Dark Triad of personality: Narcissism, Machiavellianism and psychopathy. Journal of Research in Personality, 36, 556–563.
Paunonen, S. V. (2002). Design and construction of the Supernumerary Personality Inventory. The University of Western Ontario Psychology Research Bulletin, 763.
Paunonen, S. V., & Jackson, D. N. (2000). What is beyond the Big Five? Plenty! Journal of Personality, 68, 821–835.
Plessen, C. Y., Franken, F. R., Ster, C., Schmid, R. R., Wolfmayr, C., Mayer, A., Sobisch, M., Kathofer, M., Rattner, K., Kotlyar, E., Maierwieser, R. J., & Tran, U. S. (2020). Humor styles and personality: a systematic review and meta-analysis on the relations between humor styles and the Big Five personality traits. Personality and Individual Differences, 154, article 109676.
Ruch, W., & Heintz, S. (2013). Humour styles, personality and psychological well-being: What’s humour got to do with it? European Journal of Humour Research, 1, 1–24.
Ruch, W., & Heintz, S. (2017). Experimentally manipulating items informs on the (limited) construct and cri-terion validity of the Humor Styles Questionnaire. Frontiers in Psychology, 8, article 616.
Schermer, J. A., Martin, R. A., Martin, N. G., Lynskey, M. T., Trull, T. J., & Vernon, P. A. (2015). Humor styles and borderline personality. Personality and Individual Differences, 87, 158–161.
Schermer, J. A., Martin, R. A., Martin, N. G., Lynskey, M., & Vernon, P. A. (2013). The general factor of personal-ity and humor styles. Personality and Individual Differences, 54, 890–893.
Schermer, J. A., Martin, R. A., Vernon, P. A., Martin, N. G., Conde, L. C., Statham, D., & Lynskey, M. T. (2017). Lonely people tend to make fun of themselves: a behavior genetic analysis of humor styles and loneliness. Personality and Individual Differences, 117, 71–73.
Schermer, J. A., Rogoza, R., Kwiatkowska, M. M., Kowalski, C. M., Aquino, S., Ardi, R., ... Krammer, G. (2019). Humor styles across 28 countries. Current Psychology.
Veselka, L., Schermer, J. A., Martin, R. A., & Vernon, P. A. (2010). Relations between humor styles and the Dark Triad traits of personality. Personality and Individual Differences, 48, 772–774.
Veselka, L., Schermer, J. A., & Vernon, P. A. (2011). Beyond the Big Five: The Dark Triad and the Supernumer-ary Personality Inventory. Twin Research and Human Genetics, 14, 158–168.
Zeigler-Hill, V., & Besser, A. (2011). Humor style mediates the association between pathological narcissism and self-esteem. Personality and Individual Differences, 50, 1196–1201.