RESEARCH PAPER
Anxiety level and self-esteem in youth with cerebral palsy
 
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Submission date: 2015-06-07
Final revision date: 2015-08-18
Acceptance date: 2015-08-18
Online publication date: 2015-09-09
Publication date: 2015-09-01
 
Current Issues in Personality Psychology 2015;3(3):159–165
 
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ABSTRACT
Background
The aim of the research was to compare youth with cerebral palsy (CP) and healthy individuals in terms of self-esteem and anxiety level, and to evaluate the relation between self-esteem and anxiety in both study groups.

Participants and procedure
The study included 30 individuals with CP and 30 healthy individuals, aged 16 to 22 years. The anxiety level was assessed using the State-Trait Anxiety Inventory, while self-esteem was assessed using Rosenberg’s Self-Esteem Scale (SES) and the Coopersmith Self-Esteem Inventory (CSEI).

Results
No significant differences between youth with CP and healthy teenagers were observed in terms of anxiety level as a state or trait, global self-esteem and all the indicators of self-efficacy: family, friends, college, personal and the overall indicator of the sense of self-efficacy.
State anxiety correlates with nearly all indicators of self-esteem in youth with CP, except for the sense of self-esteem in the family, although the control group also lacked that correlation. As far as trait anxiety is concerned, the values of correlations are higher and the relation seems to be more likely in the group with CP.

Conclusions
Youth with CP function like their healthy peers in terms of the anxiety level and self-esteem. The correlation between state anxiety and the dimensions of self-esteem in youth with CP suggests that their self-esteem is lower and more dependent on situational factors, especially anxiety-related ones, and the low level of trait anxiety suggested high self-esteem of an individual.
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