Temperaments and characters: incompatible or complementary components for criterion B of the alternative model in predicting DSM-5 section II personality disorders?
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University of Kurdistan, Sanandaj, Iran
University of Notre Dame, Notre Dame, IN, United States
Kurdistan University of Medical Sciences, Sanandaj, Iran
Submission date: 2020-07-07
Final revision date: 2021-01-19
Acceptance date: 2021-01-22
Online publication date: 2021-03-01
Publication date: 2021-03-31
Current Issues in Personality Psychology 2021;9(1):1–13
Many studies have found clear correspondence among the domains of the five-factor model of personality (FFM) and the alter-native model of personality disorders (AMPD) in DSM-5-III, which is assessed with the Personality Inventory for DSM-5 (PID-5). However, very few studies have compared the PID-5 with the other well-known established dimensional models of personality such as Cloninger’s model. The present study examined whether the Temperament and Character Inventory (TCI-125) dimensions, PID-5 dimensions, or a combination would represent PD-scale scores more accurately.

Participants and procedure:
In this regard, 437 college students completed the Persian version of the PID-5, TCI-125 and SCID-II Screening Questionnaire.

The results indicated that cooperativeness (low), self-directedness (low), and self-transcendence (high) characters of the TCI-125 and the psychoticism (high) domain of the PID-5 are the most consistent predictors of all PD-scale scores.

Overall, the findings showed that an integrative model, combining dimensions of the TCI-125 and PID-5, represented the fea-tures of PD-scale scores most effectively.

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