RESEARCH PAPER
Mental toughness in sport questionnaire – MTSQ
 
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Submission date: 2016-12-03
Final revision date: 2017-08-20
Acceptance date: 2017-08-21
Online publication date: 2017-12-14
Publication date: 2018-02-01
 
Current Issues in Personality Psychology 2018;6(1):67–78
 
KEYWORDS
TOPICS
ABSTRACT
Background
Stress resistance is very substantial and interesting for scientists, competitors, coaches, and psychologists. The main aim of the article was the psychometric examination of mental toughness in the sport questionnaire (MTSQ).

Participants and procedure
The group of participants consisted of athletes presenting different levels of experience: Olympians, first-league, national team: N = 421 athletes, including 190 women and 231 men, age M = 20.40, SD = 5.30. Test procedure: 124 statements were selected for exploratory factor analysis with the method of main components with rotation of intercorrelational orthogonal factors. It was used in order to check the factor structure of the tool and for the clear interpretation of isolated factors. As a result of the validation, 42 statements were finally selected measuring three dimensions of mental toughness. Each subscale consisted of 14 items. Next the reliability and the validity of the questionnaire were analysed.

Results
The three-factor structure of the measured model of stress resistance accurately reflects the relation among stress resistances factors. Individual scales, at least mutually correlated, present accurate and reliable operationalisation of dimensions of the stress resistance.

Conclusions
The mental toughness in sport questionnaire (MTSQ) presents accurate and reliable operationalisation of stress resistance dimensions.
 
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