RESEARCH PAPER
Coping with stress in adults with speech fluency disorders
 
More details
Hide details
1
Institute of Psychology, University of Gdansk, Gdansk, Poland
Submission date: 2016-09-12
Final revision date: 2016-11-02
Acceptance date: 2016-11-04
Online publication date: 2016-12-16
Publication date: 2017-04-01
 
Current Issues in Personality Psychology 2017;5(2):143–148
 
KEYWORDS
TOPICS
ABSTRACT
Background
Stuttering is a developmental speech disorder that affects the fluency of speech. Persons who stutter perceive speaking situations and social interactions as threatening.

Participants and procedure
Nineteen (47.50%) adults with speech fluency disorders (SFD) and 21 (52.50%) without participated in the study. All participants completed the following measures individually: the State-Trait Anxiety Inventory, the Coping Inventory for Stressful Situations (CISS), and an informational survey.

Results
Our study confirmed that persons with SFD experience more stressful situations in life and feel greater anxiety, both as a trait and as a state, which influences their daily life. The negative affect experienced contributed to their preferred use of Emotion-Oriented Coping strategies, at the expense of more proactive Task-Oriented Coping. Experienced stress and anxiety influenced and consolidated their habitual stress coping styles, devoted mainly to dealing with negative emotions.

Conclusions
Stuttering affects daily activities, interpersonal relationships, and the quality of life. Therefore, professional support should include adaptive, task-oriented coping.
 
REFERENCES (20)
1.
American Psychiatric Association (APA). (2013). Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders (5th ed.). Arlington, VA: American Psychiatric Publishing.
 
2.
Blumgart, E., Tran, Y., & Craig, A. (2010). Social anxiety disorder in adults who stutter. Depression and Anxiety, 27, 687–692.
 
3.
Błachnio, A., & Przepiórka, A. (2012). Jąkanie jako zaburzenie z perspektywy psychologicznej: przegląd badań [Stuttering as a disorder from a psychological perspective: A review of research]. Psychologia Jakości Życia, 11, 211–222.
 
4.
Carver, C. S., & Scheier, M. F. (1994). Situational coping and coping dispositions in a stressful transaction. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 66, 184–195.
 
5.
Craig, A., Hancock, K., Tran, Y., & Craig, M. (2003). Anxiety levels in people who stutter. A randomized population study. Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research, 46, 1197–1206.
 
6.
Craig, A., & Tran, Y. (2006). Fear of speaking: chronic anxiety and stammering. Advances in Psychiatric Treatment, 12, 63–68.
 
7.
Crichton-Smith, I. (2002). Communicating in the real world: Accounts from people who stammer. Journal of Fluency Disorders, 27, 333–352.
 
8.
Erdem, M., Çelik, C., Doruk, A., Özgen, F., & Özşahin, A. (2011). Genç erişkin kekemelik vak’alarinda anksiyete düzeyi ile başa çikma tutumlarinin ilişkisi [Relation of anxiety levels and coping strategies in young and adult stutterers]. Yeni Symposium, 49, 77–82.
 
9.
Guszkowska, M., Zagórska-Pachucka, A., Kuk, A., & Skwarek, K. (2016). Gender as a factor differentiating strategies of coping with stress used by physical education students. Health Psychology Report, 4, 237–245.
 
10.
Humeniuk, E. (2012). Biologiczne i psychologiczne aspekty jąkania [Biological and psychological aspects of stuttering]. Lublin: Uniwersytet Medyczny w Lublinie.
 
11.
Klompas, M., & Ross, E. (2004). Life experiences of people who stutter, and the perceived impact of stuttering on quality of life: Personal accounts of South African individuals. Journal of Fluency Disorders, 29, 275–305.
 
12.
Koedoot, C., Bouwmans, C., Franken, M. C., & Stolk, E. (2011). Quality of life in adults who stutter. Journal of Communication Disorders, 44, 429–443.
 
13.
Kostecka, W. (2004). Zintegrowany program terapii osób jąkających się [Integrated programme of the therapy of people who stutter]. Lublin: AWH Antoni Dudek.
 
14.
Namasivayam, A. K., & van Lieshout, P. (2008). Investigating speech motor practice and learning in people who stutter. Journal of Fluency Disorders, 33, 32–51.
 
15.
Plexico, L. W., Manning, W. H., & DiLollo, A. (2005). A phenomenological understanding of successful stuttering management. Journal of Fluency Disorders, 30, 1–22.
 
16.
Plexico, L. W., Manning, W. H., & Levitt, H. (2009). Coping responses by adults who stutter: Part I. Protecting the self and others. Journal of Fluency Disorders, 34, 87–107.
 
17.
Sosnowski, T., Wrześniewski, K., Jaworowska, A., & Fecenec, D. (2011). The State-Trait Anxiety Inventory. Warszawa: Pracownia Testów Psychologicznych Polskiego Towarzystwa Psychologicznego.
 
18.
Strelau, J., Jaworowska, A., Wrześniewski, K., & Szczepaniak, P. (2005). The Coping Inventory for Stressful Situations (CISS). Warszawa: Pracownia Testów Psychologicznych Polskiego Towarzystwa Psychologicznego.
 
19.
World Health Organization (WHO) (1992). The ICD-10 classification of mental and behavioural disorders: clinical descriptions and diagnostic guidelines. Geneva: World Health Organization.
 
20.
Vanryckeghem, M., Brutten, G. J., Uddin, N., & Van Borsel, J. (2004). A comparative investigation of the speech-associated coping responses reported by adults who do and do not stutter. Journal of Fluency Disorders, 29, 237–250.
 
eISSN:2353-561X
ISSN:2353-4192