RESEARCH PAPER
Typology of civic identity
 
 
More details
Hide details
1
Ivan Franko National University of Lviv, Lviv, Ukraine
CORRESPONDING AUTHOR
Inha Petrovska   

Ivan Franko National University of Lviv, 1 Universytetska Str., 79000 Lviv, Ukraine, e-mail: inha.petrovska@lnu.edu.ua
Submission date: 2022-01-10
Final revision date: 2022-04-16
Acceptance date: 2022-04-29
Online publication date: 2022-11-09
 
 
KEYWORDS
TOPICS
ABSTRACT
Background:
Civic identity is considered a kind of organizational identity, which is a value-semantic experience of the individual’s identity with themself as a citizen of the state. It is manifested in the institutional, community, and individual dimen-sions. Each of the mentioned dimensions of civic identity can be differently developed (actualized) in a particular individual, which suggests the existence of certain types of civic identity. The article aims to empirically verify the typology of the civic identity of an individual and identify both the most common and least common types among Ukrainian citizens.

Participants and procedure:
The study involved 965 citizens of Ukraine aged 16-60, of whom 377 were men (39.1%) and 588 women (60.9%). To assess the dimensions of civic identity and establish the development degree of each of them, the author’s ques-tionnaire “Diagnosis of maturity and type of civic identity” was used.

Results:
The existence of 8 main types of civic identity inherent in Ukrainians has been empirically established, namely Insti-tutional-community (17%), Latent (16%), Game (16%), Community-game (15%), Institutional-game (12%), Com-munity (11%), Versatile (8%), and Institutional (5%).

Conclusions:
Most citizens of Ukraine tend to engage in game interaction with the state, which is dominated by subject-object par-adigms. The orientation of the game interaction with the state is also societal, which indicates that games and scenar-ios are borrowed from others and conditioned mainly by conformity rather than conscious choice. The prevalence of the Latent (indeterminate) type of civic identity coincides with the study subjects’ relatively low level of civic identity maturity.

 
REFERENCES (32)
1.
Alexander, J., Eyerman, R., Giesen, B., Smelser, N., & Sztompka, P. (2004). Cultural trauma and collective iden-tity. University of California Press.
 
2.
Almond, A., & Verba, S. (1980). The civic culture revisited. Little, Brown.
 
3.
Berne, E. (1964). Games people play: The basic handbook of transactional analysis. Ballantine Books.
 
4.
Boroş, S. (2008). Organizational identification: Theoretical and empirical analyses of competing conceptual-izations. Cognition, Brain, Behavior, 12, 1–27.
 
5.
Cohen, A., & Chaffee, B. (2013). The relationship between adolescents’ civic knowledge, civic attitude, and civic behavior and their self-reported future likelihood of voting. Education, Citizenship and Social Justice, 8, 43–57. https://doi.org/10.1177/174619....
 
6.
Constant, A., & Zimmermann, K. (2012). Immigrants, ethnic identities and the nation-state. In A. Constant & K. Zimmermann (Eds.), International handbook on the economics of migration (рp. 259–275). Edward Elgar Publishing.
 
7.
Goffman, E. (1969). Strategic interaction. University of Pennsylvania Press.
 
8.
Gornostai, P. (2021). Collective trauma as a complex social situation: System-conceptual analysis. Scientific Studios on Social and Political Psychology, 48, 100–111. https://doi.org/10.33120/ssspp....
 
9.
Hansen, H., & Hesli, V. (2009). National identity: Civic, ethnic, hybrid, and atomized individuals. Europe-Asia Studies, 61, 1–28. https://doi.org/10.1080/096681....
 
10.
Hart, D., Richardson, C., & Wilkenfeld, B. (2011). Civic identity. In S. J. Schwartz, K. Luyckx, & V. L. Vignoles (Eds.), Handbook of identity theory and research (pp. 771–787). Springer. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-....
 
11.
Hogg, M., & Abrams, D. (1988). Social identifications: a social psychology of intergroup relations and group processes. Routledge.
 
12.
Hornostai, P. (2007). Personality and role. Role approach to social psychology of personality. Interpress Ltd.
 
13.
Hristova, L., & Cekik. A. (2013). Between the ethnic and the civic identity – on the perceptions of the student population in the Republic of Macedonia. New Balkan Politics, 13, 45–70.
 
14.
Jackson, R., & Hogg, M. (2010). Civic identity. In R. Jackson & M. Hogg (Eds.), Encyclopedia of identity (Vol. 1, pp. 81–83). Sage Publications. https://doi.org/10.4135/978141....
 
15.
Jung, C. G. (1958). The undiscovered Self (present and future). Routledge.
 
16.
Kaldor, М. (2013). Identity and war. Global Policy, 4, 336–346. https://doi.org/10.1111/1758-5....
 
17.
Knefelkamp, L. (2008). Civic identity: Locating self in community. Diversity & Democracy, 11, 1–3.
 
18.
Kreiner, G. E., & Ashforth, B. E. (2004). Evidence toward an expanded model of organizational identification. Journal of Organizational Behavior, 25, 1–27. https://doi.org/10.1002/job.23....
 
19.
Meeus, J., Duriez, B., & Vanbeselaere, N. (2010). The role of national identity representation in the relation between in-group identification and out-group derogation: Ethnic versus civic representation. British Journal of Social Psychology, 49, 305–320. https://doi.org/10.1348/014466....
 
20.
Pakulski, J., & Tranter, B. (2000). Civic, national and denizen identity in Australia. Journal of Sociology, 36, 205–222. https://doi.org/10.1177/144078....
 
21.
Petrovska, I. (2020). Three-level structure of civic identity. Scientific Studies in Social and Political Psycholo-gy, 46, 131–138. https://doi.org/10.33120/ssj.v....
 
22.
Petrovska, I. (2021a). Psychological model of civic identity formation. Journal of Education Culture and Soci-ety, 12, 167–178. https://doi.org/10.15503/jecs2....
 
23.
Petrovska, I. (2021b). Development and validation of a questionnaire “Diagnosis of maturity and type of civic identity”. Problems of Political Psychology, 24, 208–232. https://doi.org/10.33120/popp-....
 
24.
Rubin, B. (2007). “There’s still not justice”: Youth civic identity development amid distinct school and com-munity contexts. Teachers College Record, 109, 449–481. https://doi.org/10.1177/016146....
 
25.
Sasse, G., & Lackner, A. (2018). War and identity: The case of the Donbas in Ukraine. Post-Soviet Affairs, 34, 139–157. https://doi.org/10.1080/106058....
 
26.
Shamai, M. (2016). Systemic interventions for collective and national trauma: Theory, practice. Routledge, Taylor & Francis Group.
 
27.
Shulman, S. (2004). The contours of civic and ethnic national identification in Ukraine. Europe-Asia Studies, 56, 35–56. https://doi.org/10.1080/096681....
 
28.
Tajfel, H., & Turner, J. C. (1986). The social identity theory of intergroup behavior. In S. Worchel & W. Austin (Eds.), Psychology of intergroup relations (pp. 7–24). Nelson-Hall Publishers.
 
29.
Tilly, C. (1995). Citizenship, identity and social history. International Review of Social History, 40, 1–17. https://doi.org/10.1017/S00208....
 
30.
van der Laarse, R., Cherenkov, M., Proshak, V., & Mykhalchuk, T. (Eds.) (2015). Religion, state, society and identity in transition Ukraine. Wolf Legal Publishers.
 
31.
Westheimer, J., & Kahne, J. (2004). What kind of citizen? The politics of teaching for democracy. American Educational Research Journal, 2, 237–269. https://doi.org/10.3102/000283....
 
32.
Yates, М., & Youniss, J. (2006). Roots of civic identity: International perspectives on community service and activism in youth. Cambridge University Press.
 
eISSN:2353-561X
ISSN:2353-4192