RESEARCH PAPER
Post-traumatic growth among gastrointestinal oncological patients: the perspective of Stevan Hobfoll’s conservation of resources theory
 
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1
Faculty of Psychology, University of Warsaw, Warsaw, Poland
2
NZOZ Magodent Oncological Hospital Elbląska, Warsaw, Poland
Submission date: 2019-11-10
Final revision date: 2020-02-29
Acceptance date: 2020-03-10
Online publication date: 2020-03-31
Publication date: 2020-05-18
 
Current Issues in Personality Psychology 2020;8(1):41–51
 
KEYWORDS
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ABSTRACT
Background:
This study assessed the relation between social support dimensions and post-traumatic growth (PTG) among a sample of gas-trointestinal cancer patients. Particular focus was placed on the mediating role of resources based on the conservation of re-sources (COR) theory and its effect on the previously mentioned association.

Participants and procedure:
A total of 190 patients comprising 87 females and 103 males with a clinical diagnosis of gastrointestinal cancer were recruited to participate in this study. This was a cross-sectional study, with social support evaluated by the Berlin Social Support Scales (BSSS). The participants’ levels of subjectively possessed resources were assessed by the Conservation of Resources Evalua-tion (COR-E) questionnaire. Posttraumatic growth was evaluated by the Post-Traumatic Growth Inventory (PTGI).

Results:
No direct relation was found between social support and PTG among participants. However, a mediating role of subjectively possessed resources was detected through the COR theory on the aforementioned relationship, i.e. the link between social sup-port and PTG. More specifically, the level of economic and political resources was a mediator in the relation.

Conclusions:
These results contribute to extant literature on the psychological aspects of gastrointestinal cancer. Evidently, social support may be related to positive outcomes among gastrointestinal cancer patients in the form of PTG.

 
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