Gender-based personality traits in physically aggressive and non-aggressive antisocial behaviours
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Lahore College for Women University, Lahore, Pakistan
Edge Hill University, Ormskirk, United Kingdom
University of Sheffield, Sheffield, United Kingdom
Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi, India
Submission date: 2021-08-03
Final revision date: 2021-09-04
Acceptance date: 2021-09-19
Online publication date: 2022-03-06
Publication date: 2022-09-30
Current Issues in Personality Psychology 2022;10(3):205–215
The current study aimed to understand the role of callousness, affective dissonance, and two subtypes of sensation seeking personality traits – 1) disinhibition and 2) thrill and adventure seeking – in physically aggressive and non-aggressive antisocial behaviours (ASB) among educated youth and to explore the gender differences in them.

Participants and procedure:
An online survey was sent to a large sample of students at a UK university. Initially, a sample of N = 539 participants was collected but after screening out the data, N = 429 participants were included for analyses based on the sam-pling criteria.

Callousness, disinhibition, and affective dissonance significantly predicted both antisocial behaviour subtypes. We found multidimensional nature of callousness in predicting antisocial behaviours, and an intriguing relationship be-tween thrill and adventure seeking and affective dissonance. Interesting gender differences emerged.

This study has implications for the understanding of the competitive roles of gender-based psychopathological per-sonality traits in terms of callousness and affective dissonance and sensation seeking tendencies in physically ag-gressive and non-aggressive antisocial behaviours.

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