RESEARCH PAPER
Entitlement attitude in the workplace and its relationship to job satisfaction and organizational commitment
 
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Submission date: 2016-12-29
Final revision date: 2017-02-15
Acceptance date: 2017-02-21
Online publication date: 2017-05-12
Publication date: 2018-02-01
 
Current Issues in Personality Psychology 2018;6(1):34–46
 
KEYWORDS
TOPICS
ABSTRACT
Background
This article is focused on the entitlement attitude in an organizational context. Its purpose was to examine the relationship of entitlement and its 3 components (active, passive and revengefulness) with job satisfaction and organizational commitment.

Participants and procedure
Two independent studies were conducted to examine the discussed relationships. In study 1 and study 2 there participated respectively 110 and 95 full-time employees from both genders working in public and private organizations. The 30-item Bulgarian version of the Entitlement Questionnaire was used. Job satisfaction measurement included employees’ affective response to their overall job and to various aspects of their job. The three aspects of organizational commitment (affective, instrumental and normative) were measured.

Results
Active entitlement had a positive effect on satisfaction with results, satisfaction with supervisor, pay satisfaction and overall job satisfaction. It was not related to organizational commitment. Passive entitlement had a positive effect on satisfaction with tasks, but it correlated negatively with pay satisfaction. Higher level of passive entitlement predicted instrumental commitment. Revengefulness was negatively related to task satisfaction, satisfaction with supervisor and overall satisfaction, and had a negative effect on affective commitment.

Conclusions
Different forms of entitlement have a diverse influence on the various aspects of job satisfaction and components of organizational commitment. Active and passive types of entitlement are more adaptive, whereas revengefulness is a maladaptive and dysfunctional attitude.
 
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